New approach to noncommunicable diseases in Transnistria region
WHO/Europe and the WHO Country Office in the Republic of Moldova conducted on 1–2 July 2015 the first technical mission to Transnistria region and held a workshop whose aim was capacity building and planning support in noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and their risk factors. The workshop was conducted for directors of healthcare facilities, heads of polyclinics and other representatives of medical institutions in the region.
The workshop objectives were to:
- introduce the global and European trends and strategies on NCD prevention and control;
- increase knowledge on common risk factors for NCDs and strategic interventions directed to reduce them (both population- and individual-based strategies) with more in-depth discussion on 2 leading risk factors – tobacco consumption and harmful use of alcohol;
- introduce NCDs surveillance instruments and tools, and their importance in NCD monitoring;
- increase knowledge on the role of the health system in prevention and control of NCDs, and individual-based strategies to reduce premature mortality with a focus on cardiovascular diseases; and
- introduce the role of communication in health promotion, and key elements in development and implementation of communication campaigns directed to reduce tobacco and alcohol consumption.
The participants were also familiarized with the global burden and main drivers of NCDs; the WHO global action plan for the prevention and control of NCDs; global NCD targets and surveillance tools; population- and individual-based strategies; the role of different stakeholders in reducing risk factors; and country examples.
A separate session was dedicated to the strategies and approaches for reducing the prevalence of tobacco use and the harmful use of alcohol. The WHO team highlighted as well the role of health systems in the prevention and control of NCDs along with strategies and approaches to increase access to medicines. Another session was dedicated to communication and its role in prevention of NCDs. The participants have been actively involved in panel discussions and group reflection for further planning of NCD activities. They shared their views and opinions, along with personal experiences.
WHO support for this activity is part of the biennial collaborative agreement 2014–2015 between the Moldovan Ministry of Health and WHO/Europe. The initiative is financially supported by WHO and the Support to Confidence Building Measures Programme funded by the European Union and coordinated by WHO, under technical assistance and capacity-building activities in the health sector.