Spain is the third largest country in western Europe. The Spanish mainland is bordered by France on the north and Portugal on the west side. Global health indicators in Spain have been improving steadily since the 1970s. The average life expectancy is one of the highest in the world and mortality rates have been decreasing since the mid-1970s to reach a rate very similar to EU average levels. The top three causes of death in Spain since 1970 have been cardiovascular diseases, cancer and respiratory diseases.

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Putting people’s health needs first – Spain makes strides towards patient-centred care

The use of a population stratification tool has helped Spain develop health services that respond more accurately and comprehensively to the actual health needs of both groups and individuals.

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WHO/Europe offices

WHO Barcelona Office for Health Systems Strengthening
Sant Pau Art Nouveau Site
Nostra Senyora de La Mercè pavilion
Sant Antoni Maria Claret, 167
Barcelona 08025
Tel.: +34 675 788 902, +34 673 290 861

Ministry of health

Ministry of Health, Consumer Affairs and Social Welfare
Paseo del Prado 18-20
Madrid 28014
Tel.: +34 915961414
Fax: +34 91 429 3525

Data and statistics


Life expectancy at birth, in years (as of 2011)

More data and statistics