Communicable diseases surveillance and outbreak control in Tajikistan


During 2008-2009, a WHO consultant worked with Tajik national counterparts to establish a methodology and process to develop guidelines for surveillance and outbreak control of communicable diseases. According to the action plan from 2008, the next steps are the adoption of the guidelines, training for implementation, follow assessment, and if necessary, revision. The guidelines should also provide information on laboratory surveillance requirements. Two rounds of prioritization were performed.

The third round of prioritization of surveillance for communicable diseases and the control of outbreaks, conducted by Vladan Saponjic for the working group in the State Republican Sanitary Epidemiological Service. In addition to the prioritization exercise, Mr Saponjic also discussed the content and methodology of the guidelines and development of a functional early warning system for outbreaks of infectious diseases. This is particularly important considering the requirement to complete implementation of core capacities for the International Health Regulations (2005) by June, 2012.

The session was followed by a presentation on the key elements of improving programme management capacity through enhanced training, supervision, laboratory surveillance, mobile immunization services, and communication activities during surveillance activities of communicable diseases. It also included early warning and response, assessment of disease risk, timely implementation of prevention measures during outbreaks and economical effectiveness (including epidemiological investigation and laboratory analysis).

During the working group sessions the participants shared experiences, learned new skills, developed their knowledge and discussed the new tasks contributing to the assessment and improvement of laboratory work in the country, including quality assurance of surveillance and outbreak control.