Preventing diabetes is essential for keeping health and well-being in Tajikistan

World Diabetes Day is celebrated annually on 14 November for the purpose of raising global awareness of diabetes – its escalating rates around the world and how to prevent illness in most cases. Since 2006, the Republic of Tajikistan has regularly celebrated World Diabetes Day, which is supported by governmental agencies, pharmaceutical companies, international organizations and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).

Diabetes can affect everyone – young and old, rich and poor, men, women and children – and represents a burden on patients, families and societies. The aim of World Diabetes Day is to increase awareness on diabetes prevention and teach simple steps to reduce risk by living in a healthy way.

The burden of diabetes is increasing globally, particularly in developing countries. Attention in particular is drawn to metabolic diseases and endocrine diseases, which are also quite common and are making a big negative contribution to the disability population structure and mortality in Tajikistan. One of the most important of these diseases is diabetes mellitus (DM) and iodine deficiency disorders (IDD). Tajikistan has a commitment to helping patients with diabetes mellitus. In 2006, Tajikistan adopted the “Programme on fighting against diabetes in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2006 – 2015”. In May 2009, Tajikistan also adopted a law on health care, for the social protection of citizens for patients with diabetes mellitus (government resolution № 647 of 08.05.2009). The regulations reflect the importance of the state system for drug supply for patients with diabetes, ensuring the social protection of people suffering from diabetes, the issues of early diagnosis of diabetes, prevention of severe complications of diabetes, training for the industry and the creation of a state register of patients with diabetes mellitus. WHO Country office, Tajikistan will be working with the Ministry of Health of Tajikistan on analysing the current situation on diabetes and promoting preventive measures as part of a broader noncommunicable diseases (NCD) programme.

The World Health Organization estimates that more than 346 million people worldwide have diabetes. This number is likely to more than double by 2030 without intervention. Almost 80% of diabetes deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.

WHO/Europe and the Ministry of Health of Republic of Tajikistan are jointly calling for coordinated action, which is needed from the level of all sectors of society, including the national and international policy on reducing the factors leading to diabetes and improving the timely access and quality of care. This will contribute to achieving better health results reducing the global diabetes burden.

“Ensuring the continuation of building on what has been achieved and moving towards achieving expected results by increasing the awareness of population about diabetes, and strengthening individual and community actions through prevention of the disease is essential in keeping the health and well-being of the nation”, noted Dr Pavel Ursu, WHO Representative/Head of WHO Country office, Tajikistan. “People with diabetes need to take an active role in their own care, but they need to be supported by the provision of effective access to proper treatment, medical consultations and health care services.”
WHO/Europe is working on a diabetes programme, which aims to prevent diabetes and minimize complications, which ensures the quality of life through stimulating and supporting the adoption of effective measures for the surveillance, prevention and control of diabetes and its complications, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. WHO is taking measures to prevent diabetes all over the world.