Tajikistan hosts workshop on vaccine safety and waste management
Upon the Ministry of Health of Tajikistan's request for assistance, WHO/Europe convened a two day workshop in December 2011, for the specialists from the health departments of the ministry on vaccine safety and waste management. The specialists came from oblasts, regions of republican subordination and also included specialists from Dushanbe. The workshop was facilitated by WHO consultants Mr Konstantin Rimish and Ms Margarita Balasanyan.
According to the WHO guiding principles to ensure injection device security, injections are the most common health care procedure worldwide. In developing and transitional countries alone, some 16 thousand million injections are administered each year. Most injections, more than 90%, are given for therapeutic purposes while 5 to 10% are given for preventive services, including immunization and family planning. Unsafe injections place patients at risk of disability and death. Reuse of injection devices without sterilization is of particular concern as it may transmit hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
During the first day of the workshop, the participants had an opportunity to:
- consider vaccine safety as a global problem
- learn of best practices for injection on general rules of safety, injection devices and prevention of needles injuries among medical personnel
- reflect on recommendations of WHO in this field.
In addition, some of the participants had a presentation on an overview of the risks and dynamics of infections transmitted through blood (HIV/AIDS) and the situation in Tajikistan. The participants worked in groups on such aspects as an analysis of policy and security practices of infections in Tajikistan by considering the strengths and weaknesses, as well as offering ideas and recommendations for its improvement.
On the second day of the workshop, the participants visited several health care facilities to use their new skills, experience and knowledge from the training and to realize it into practice. Both facilitators of the training and the participants acknowledged the workshop to be productive and useful for the personal education and professional growth in the health care system.