Implementation plan for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases in Tajikistan
A round table discussion on the implementation plan for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and injuries in Tajikistan for the period of 2013-2023 was held on 4 July 2013 in Dushanbe.
The discussion included presentations on the burden of NCDs on the global scale in addition to the NCD burden in Tajikistan. It involved input from experts from WHO/Europe, the WHO Country Office in Tajikistan and the First Deputy Minister of Health of Tajikistan. Overall, a comprehensive and sound plan was developed, but its further evolution will depend on the active participation of the parties involved and under the strong leadership of the Tajikistan Ministry of Health.
The length and quality of life in Tajikistan is significantly lower than in comparable countries in the Region. In 2010, the Government of the Tajikistan adopted the National Health Strategy of Tajikistan for 2010-2020, which identified the following as priority groups of diseases:
- diseases of the cardiovascular system (hypertension, ischaemic heart disease),
- respiratory diseases (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma),
- diseases of the urinary tract (nephritis and nephrosis),
- diseases of the endocrine system (diabetes mellitus) and neuropsychiatry disorders.
The National Health Strategy indicates a need to increase disease prevention by changing the mindset of physicians to manage chronic diseases. It is assumed that family medicine will play a key role in the integrated and systematic management of chronic patients. This will involve active participation of patients in managing their diseases, as well as strengthening the role of community and self-help groups.
Development partners, national experts of the Ministry of Health, mass media professionals, nongovernmental organizations, and representatives of the Government participated at the multisectoral meeting.
WHO implemented this activity within the framework of the European Union funded "Technical Assistance in Support of Health Care Reform in Tajikistan" project