Regional training on malaria vectors and vector control methods
A regional WHO training course on taxonomy, morphology, biology and ecology of malaria vectors and vector control methods was organized in Dushanbe, Tajikistan on 22 September to 2 October 2014 by WHO and the Tajik Ministry of Health. The course was attended by health care managers from the regions of Dushanbe, Sogd, Kulyab, Kurgan-tube and Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast in Tajikistan, as well as by representatives from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
WHO/Europe experts trained participants on modern methods and means of entomological surveillance of malaria in areas that currently have low incidence (or the absence of local cases). The course focused on:
- timely response to the changing situation related to vectors;
- implementation of adequate measures to prevent importation of malaria; and
- use of measures for rapid reduction of the quantity of vectors in the event of a deterioration in the malaria situation.
The objectives of the 10-day training were to:
- identify gaps in the knowledge of course participants through a pre-course test;
- disseminate up-to-date information on biology and ecology of vectors in the WHO European Region and
- train on methods of entomological surveillance, vector control and evaluation of the effectiveness of implemented measures;
- develop skills on use of identifier tables and identification of malaria mosquitoes by eggs, larvae and imagoes;
- strengthen trainees’ knowledge and skills on typing of breeding sites of malaria mosquitoes and vector registration, use of spraying equipment and means of individual and collective protection;
- assess progress achieved during the training through a final post-test.
Seminar participants engaged in intensive practice sessions, discussions and group work, followed by presentations and joint practical exercises in the field.
Elimination of malaria from the WHO European Region by 2015
The WHO European Region aims to interrupt the transmission of malaria and eliminate the disease by 2015 from the remaining countries affected. The number of reported locally-acquired cases has dropped dramatically to only 37 cases reported in 2013 in Tajikistan, Turkey and Greece.
Turkmenistan attained malaria-free status in 2010, Armenia in 2011, and Kazakhstan in 2012. Kyrgyzstan has initiated the process of certification of malaria elimination.