Data and statistics
35–80% of the WHO European Region’s health care resources are spent on hospital and outpatient care.
The remodelling of health services into patient-centred coordinated services taking place in many countries has required a paradigm shift in the thinking behind health care delivery systems.
Health care delivery systems need to adapt to continuously emerging changes, such as those illustrated below.
|Climate change||By 2100, average global temperatures are estimated to rise by 1.0–3.5Co, increasing the likelihood of many vector-borne diseases in new areas (Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2000).|
|Ageing population||In the European Region, the proportion of people aged 65 years and older is forecast almost to double between 2010 and 2050.|
|Antimicrobial resistance||The use and misuse of antimicrobials has led to a relentless rise in the number and type of microorganisms resistant to these medicines.|
|New technologies||European leadership in technology, research and development is setting the pace of innovation in health with annual sales of €72.6 billion.|
|New medications||Almost 2% of gross domestic product in the European Union is spent on pharmaceuticals.|
|New models of care and finance||In the European Region, total expenditure on health is US$ 1000–5000 per capita.|