Our flagship report maps health trends, charts progress towards achieving health
goals and provides an advance base for health policy
A selection of documents that guide and inform WHO/Europe’s work on health financing policy
This is a unique, repeated cross-sectional survey to assess financial burden on the population and access to care over a 15-year period. The survey provides evidence of impressive reduction in financial burden associated with health care seeking due to the introduction of comprehensive health reforms during 2000-2009.
The persistence of informal payments remains a problem because they continue to impose an unpredictable financial burden on patients and undermine the credibility of the State-guaranteed benefit package. A comprehensive, multi-pronged approach that addresses the causes simultaneously could succeed if public funding is maintained at current levels.
In the context of global efforts to move towards universal coverage in health systems, this report reviews health financing reforms in the Republic of Moldova and looks in particular at how the population´s access to health services has been affected.
The countries of the former Soviet Union rely heavily on out-of-pocket payments for health care financing. However, out-of-pocket spending statistics are difficult to compare due to different data collection methodologies.
This paper summarizes recent research on income-related inequalities in health care financing and utilization in Estonia for the period 2000 to 2007. Quantitative analysis is used to analyse evidence for a number of priority policy issues.
Exploring how to move from values to action by implementing the Tallinn Charter: Health Systems for Health and Wealth
Recommendations for possible courses of action to reach the goal of ensuring equal and adequate access to health services for all citizens
Analyses out-of-pocket payments, the distribution of the taxation burden to finance health care and income-related inequality in health care utilization
Overview of Estonia’s health system governance and its current challenges in three sections
Study of institutional arrangements and resource allocation, their change as a result of health financing reform and the effects of the changes
The hospital sector is the primary focus of this report
An approach that countries can adapt to their own contexts
Issues and options including how to organize the pooling of funds from the revenue potentially available from public and private sources
A detailed cost analysis of public health programmes covering all main sources of financing and services provided to the target population
Thorough analysis of the health care financing system and suggestions for feasible changes