First report on official development assistance in Kyrgyzstan

For the first time in Kyrgyzstan, a report monitoring the official development assistance (ODA) to the country’s health sector has been published. ODA is the assistance provided by the official sector, such as external partners, to promote economic development and welfare. ODA reports contribute to aid effectiveness and improve transparency.

The report, coauthored by WHO and the Ministry of Health of Kyrgyzstan, provides an overall picture of ODA to the health sector in 2015. Its objectives are to:

  • share information and present a picture of ODA to the health sector across the priorities set out in strategic policy documents;
  • provide evidence in support of policy dialogues and the development of coordination mechanisms at national and international levels;
  • generate evidence that may help to strengthen development partner coordination in support of the ongoing reforms in the Kyrgyz health sector;
  • provide forecasts of future ODA from both short- and medium-term perspectives; and
  • inform future national strategic plans and development partners’ strategies to support the Government both financially and technically.

The study, carried out in 2016, gathered detailed quantitative information on the support allocated to specific priority areas and health system strengthening activities – including their geographical distribution and their alignment with national policy.

The preparation of the report was a joint effort of the Ministry of Health and the WHO Country Office in Kyrgyzstan, and involved both local and international experts. Preparatory activities included building information systems for data collection, reaching out to various organizations to collect data, and ensuring a validation process in close collaboration with development partners in the health sector.

Projects aligned with national health strategies

The report outlines over 20 health sector development partners, and includes projects and programmes that account for 21% of the country’s total public health expenditure.

It reveals that almost all of the development partners interviewed are implementing their projects with consideration for the goals set out in the national general strategies. Ten of the 12 development partners declared themselves to be working towards the objectives of the Den Sooluk National Health Reform Programme for 2012–2016.

Communicable diseases, mother and child care, reproductive health, and noncommunicable diseases gained the largest shares of ODA. Communicable diseases were targeted by almost half of all ODA disbursements in 2015.

Of the funds dedicated to technical assistance, the largest share was concentrated on capacity-building. The largest share of contributed funds targeted medical equipment and technology.

Monitoring key for informed decision-making

Plans are in place to update the assessment report every 2 years. Such reports are key for policy-makers, health sector leaders, development partners and academics. They enable all parties to align their work plans towards common goals and shared priorities in both the short and the medium term.

The report was produced with technical assistance and financial support from WHO in accordance with the biennial collaborative agreement for 2016–2017 between the Ministry of Health of Kyrgyzstan and WHO, and from the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation in the context of the “Strengthening monitoring and evaluation and policy dialogue for the Den Sooluk National Health Reform Programme for 2012–2016” project.