Transposition of EU legislation into public health in Republic of Moldova

WHO

Workshop on public health legislation in the Republic of Moldova

A national workshop on the level of transposition of the European Union (EU) legislation into national public health legislation took place in Chisinau on 27 September 2012. The main objective was to discuss the findings of the assessment of degrees of transposition related to the specific acquis communitare (a cumulative body of European Community laws) and the transposition plan.

Thirty specialists representing the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry, Ministry of Environment, National Centre of Public Health, and State Medical University of Medicine and Pharmacy participated.

Ms Svetlana Cotelea, Head, Public Health Department, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Moldova, welcomed participants and said:

The work of evaluation of the level of transposition of the EU legislation into national public health legislation allowed to assess the degree of implementation of the acquis communitare, to identify the problems with each transposing act and to plan concrete steps to transpose the EU legislation into national legislation.

Areas of work

During the workshop evaluation results and the transposition plan were presented for the following domains:

  • ensuring health security – preparedness and response
  • taking actions against diseases – communicable diseases
  • pharmaceutical medicinal products for human use (concerning the placing of biocidal products on the market)
  • free movement of goods – cosmetic safety, safety of toys, food safety (partially).

Ms. Snezhana Chichevalieva of WHO/Europe provided recommendations to the national team for the development of public health legislation across the essential public health operations (EPHOs) as a tool for enhancing public health. She also suggested relevant documents and frameworks that could further guide the process, including the European Action Plan for Strengthening Public Health Capacities and Services.

Essential public health operations

The 10 EPHOs are:

  1. Surveillance of population health and well-being.
  2. Monitoring and response to health hazards and emergencies.
  3. Health protection, including environmental, occupational, food safety and others.
  4. Health promotion, including action to address social determinants and health inequity.
  5. Disease prevention, including early detection of illness.
  6. Assuring governance for health and well-being.
  7. Assuring a sufficient and competent public health workforce.
  8. Assuring sustainable organizational structures and financing.
  9. Advocacy, communication and social mobilization for health.
  10. Advancing public health research to inform policy and practice.

The workshop and assessment process were part of the biennial collaborative agreement (BCA) 2012-2013 between the Government of the Republic of Moldova and WHO/Europe and part of the EU-funded project on technical assistance to the health sector which is under WHO coordination and related to budget support to the Republic of Moldova.