The 10 Essential Public Health Operations
There are 10 Essential Public Health Operations (EPHOs) that, with WHO leadership and support, countries can adapt and work on together, to assess and plan for stronger public health services and capacities. The most effective and efficient method of delivering these operations is through an integrated approach, rather than through vertical programmes.
These operations centre around three main areas of service delivery: Health Protection, Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. They are informed by robust public health intelligence and enhanced by enablers.