Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, most commonly caused by a viral infection. There are five main hepatitis viruses that cause acute and/or chronic infection, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E. In particular, types B and C lead to chronic disease in hundreds of millions of people worldwide. In the WHO European Region an estimated 13 million people live with chronic hepatitis B, and an estimated 15 million people are infected with hepatitis C. Because the disease is often asymptomatic and left untreated, chronic hepatitis is a major cause of liver cirrhosis and primary liver cancer. People who inject drugs are particularly vulnerable to hepatitis and co-infection with both hepatitis and HIV is common.
Top storyEuropean HIV-Hepatitis Testing Week 2016: Test. Treat. Prevent.
Safe and effective treatments exist that allow people living with HIV and/or viral hepatitis B to lead healthy and long lives. Those living with hepatitis C can be cured.
- European HIV-Hepatitis Testing Week 2016: Test. Treat. Prevent.
- Day 3 highlights: agreement on women’s health strategy and action plans for HIV and viral hepatitis
- WHO governing body for the European Region convenes with eight strategic proposals on the agenda
PublicationsAction plan for the health sector response to viral hepatitis in the WHO European Region. DRAFT (2016) More publications
InfographicMore data and statistics
Prevent hepatitis. Act now.
WHO Regional Office for Europe works with several key partners on activities related to hepatitisRead more