Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, most commonly caused by a viral infection. There are five main hepatitis viruses that cause acute and/or chronic infection, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E. In particular, types B and C lead to chronic disease in hundreds of millions of people worldwide. In the WHO European Region an estimated 15 million people live with chronic hepatitis B, and an estimated 14 million people are infected with hepatitis C. Because the disease is often asymptomatic and left untreated, chronic hepatitis is a major cause of liver cirrhosis and primary liver cancer. People who inject drugs are particularly vulnerable to hepatitis and co-infection with both hepatitis and HIV is common.
Top storyGroundbreaking pledge of United Nations agencies to end HIV, TB and viral hepatitis epidemics in Europe at high-level meeting on ending TB
For the first time, 14 United Nations agencies have joined forces to end the epidemics of HIV, tuberculosis (TB) and viral hepatitis – Europe’s deadliest communicable diseases.
- European Laboratory Initiative on TB expands to cover HIV and viral hepatitis
- Countries of eastern Europe and central Asia improve access to HIV, TB and viral hepatitis diagnostic technologies and medicines
- Improving the availability, quality and use of global immunization data
PublicationsUnited Nations common position on ending HIV, TB and viral hepatitis through intersectoral collaboration (2018) More publications
InfographicMore data and statistics
Prevent hepatitis. Act now.
WHO Regional Office for Europe works with several key partners on activities related to hepatitisRead more