Approximately 2.2 million were living with HIV in 2012 in the WHO European Region, and the numbers are still rising. Alarmingly, around half of those people do not know that they are infected. Despite the progress in achieving universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support across the Region over the last decade, the response to HIV epidemic still faces many challenges such as unknown HIV status, late treatment initiation, low access to treatment, coinfection with tuberculosis, and coinfection with hepatitis.

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HIV/AIDS epidemic in Europe: mother-to-child transmission

The reduction in mother-to-child transmission is one of Europe’s successes in its fight against HIV/AIDS in the last few years.