Approximately 1.6 million children and adults were living with HIV in 2001 in the WHO European Region, and estimations suggest that this number increased to more than 2.5 million people in 2014. Alarmingly, around half of those people do not know that they are infected. Despite the progress in achieving universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support across the Region over the last decade, the response to the HIV epidemic still faces many challenges. These challenges include the unknown HIV status in many individuals, late treatment initiation, low access to treatment, coinfection with tuberculosis, and coinfection with hepatitis.

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Day 3 highlights: agreement on women’s health strategy and action plans for HIV and viral hepatitis

Dr Margaret Chan welcomed the WHO Regional Committee for Europe’s adoption of a European strategy for women’s health as well as action plans for both HIV and viral hepatitis in her plenary address, affirming the WHO European Region’s position at the forefront of global health developments.

Key resource

Guideline on when to start antiretroviral therapy and on pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV

WHO headquarters, 2015