Approximately 1.6 million children and adults were living with HIV in 2001 in the WHO European Region, and estimations suggest that this number increased to more than 2.5 million people in 2014. Alarmingly, around half of those people do not know that they are infected. Despite the progress in achieving universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support across the Region over the last decade, the response to the HIV epidemic still faces many challenges. These challenges include the unknown HIV status in many individuals, late treatment initiation, low access to treatment, coinfection with tuberculosis, and coinfection with hepatitis.

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Europe shapes new action plans on HIV/AIDS and viral hepatitis

Two advisory committees met in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 4–5 April 2016 to guide new action plans on HIV/AIDS and viral hepatitis for the WHO European Region 2016–2021.

Key resource

Guideline on when to start antiretroviral therapy and on pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV

WHO headquarters, 2015