Approximately 1.6 million children and adults were living with HIV in 2001 in the WHO European Region, and estimations suggest that this number increased to more than 2.5 million people in 2014. Alarmingly, around half of those people do not know that they are infected. Despite the progress in achieving universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support across the Region over the last decade, the response to the HIV epidemic still faces many challenges. These challenges include the unknown HIV status in many individuals, late treatment initiation, low access to treatment, coinfection with tuberculosis, and coinfection with hepatitis.

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Towards domestic funding of HIV and TB response in eastern Europe and central Asia

WHO/Europe, the Eurasian Harm Reduction Network and other partners organized a high-level regional meeting in Tbilisi, Georgia, on 28–30 September 2015 to address regional challenges and discuss ways forward for a successful transition to domestic funding of national responses to the HIV infection and TB epidemics in countries of eastern Europe and central Asia.

Key resource

Guideline on when to start antiretroviral therapy and on pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV

WHO headquarters, 2015