In 2016, more than 160 000 people were newly diagnosed with HIV in the WHO European Region, the highest number of people ever newly diagnosed in 1 year since HIV case reporting began in the 1980s.

Continuing a trend that has persisted for the last decade, the majority (nearly 80%) of people newly diagnosed were from the eastern part of the Region, 17% from the western part and 4% from the central part. This contributes to an estimated 2.4 million people living with HIV in the Region, among whom more than a quarter are estimated to be unaware of their infection.

Despite the progress towards achieving universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support across the Region over the last decade, the response to the HIV epidemic still faces many challenges.