HIV country profiles: situation across Europe

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In 2010 an estimated 2.3 million people in the European Region were living with HIV, 1.5 million of them in eastern Europe and central Asia. The number of newly infected people is decreasing globally, but in eastern Europe and central Asia the number of those estimated to be living with HIV has increased by 250% since 2001, and the total number of reported cases by 450%. This increase includes data from the Russian Federation.

WHO/Europe has produced profiles on the HIV situation in all countries in the WHO European Region. They include general statistics (where available), such as the total number of HIV cases reported, the number of deaths, the infection rate per 100 000 in 2010, and the common routes of virus transmission. They also cover testing coverage rates and numbers of people receiving antiretroviral therapy. The information used comes from various sources, including annual reporting mechanisms to which national stakeholders contribute.

For example, the profiles show that in 2010 new infection rates ranged from 0.2 cases per 100 000 population, in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, to 36.4 and 44.1 cases per 100 000 in Ukraine and the Russian Federation, respectively. The highest new infection rates in the European Union were in the United Kingdom (10.7 per 100 000), Belgium (11.0) Latvia (12.2) and Estonia (27.8).

In 2011, the countries in the WHO European Region adopted to the European Action Plan for HIV/AIDS 2012–2015. Its objective is to ensure zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths in the Region.