Poliomyelitis

Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly infectious and sometimes fatal disease, which invades the nervous system and can cause life-long paralysis. In June 2002, all 53 countries in the WHO European Region were certified polio free. A sustained effort of immunization and disease surveillance helps maintain the Region’s polio-free status and ensures that no polio case can be left undetected.

Maintaining the Region's polio-free status

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10th European Immunization Week – a platform for success in raising awareness about immunization

Data and statistics

1 in 200

infections with poliovirus leads to irreversible paralysis. There is no cure for polio, it can only be prevented. Polio vaccine, given multiple times, can protect a child for life.

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Immunization advocacy library

Tools for immunization programme managers and other stakeholders to advocate for prioritization of immunization in political agendas and public health budgets

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Polio Endgame Strategic Plan

The comprehensive, long-term strategy to deliver a polio-free world by 2018.

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European Immunization Week

Each year in April, EIW promotes the core message that the immunization of every child is vital to prevent diseases and protect life. The goal of the region-wide campaign is to increase vaccination coverage by raising awareness of the importance of immunization. EIW celebrated its 10th year on 20–25 April 2015.

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Key resources

  • CISID

    WHO/Europe infectious disease data set, compiled from reports submitted by Member States

  • WHO EpiBrief and EpiData

    Summary and analysis of data on selected vaccine-preventable diseases

  • Polio laboratory data management system

    Information and resources for the Regional Polio Lab Network

  • CISID

    WHO/Europe infectious disease data set, compiled from reports submitted by Member States

  • Immunization Resource Centre

    Documents designed to assist health professionals in their day-to-day work as it relates to immunization

Publications

Enterovirus surveillance guidelines

Information on the principles and practices of adopting enterovirus surveillance to support the Polio Eradication Initiative

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