Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious airborne disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which infects one third of the world’s population. Timely prevention, diagnosis and treatment can control the spread of infection and treat and cure existing cases. WHO/Europe works with many partners to improve monitoring and surveillance of TB and supports the implementation of the Stop TB Strategy.

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Azerbaijan brings quality tuberculosis care to prisons

Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem in many prisons and infection rates are often more than 10 times higher than in the general population. Frequently overcrowded and poorly ventilated, many prisons also lack early detection and sound treatment programmes to combat the disease. Moreover many prisoners come from population groups that are already at high risk of TB infection and disease, such as people who inject drugs, are homeless or mentally ill.

Data and statistics

10–15 people

If left untreated, each person with active TB infects, on average, this number of people every year.

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