Integrated vector management (IVM)
In May 2012, WHO/Europe published an “Operational framework on IVM” in Russian.
IVM is a rational decision-making process for the optimal use of resources for vector control. Vector control is an important part of preventing vector-borne disease, and the only option for diseases for which no vaccine or medication is available. Its implementation suffers from several weaknesses, however, which are outlined in the “Handbook for integrated vector management”.
Vector control can be made more efficient, effective and ecologically sound. This could be achieved through a combination of approaches central to IVM:
increasingly basing decisions on local evidence;
- using a range of interventions;
- considering multiple diseases; and
- harnessing the existing systems and local human resources.
An IVM approach takes account of the available health infrastructure and resources, and integrates all available and effective chemical, biological and environmental measures.