Data and statistics
IVM is a process for managing vector populations in a way that reduces or interrupts the transmission of disease. Characteristic features include:
- methods based on knowledge of factors influencing local vector biology, disease transmission and morbidity;
- use of a range of interventions, often in combination and synergistically;
- collaboration within the health sector and with other public and private sectors that affect vectors;
- engagement with local communities and other stakeholders; and
- a regulatory and legislative framework for public health.
An IVM-based process should be cost-effective, have indicators for monitoring efficacy (impact on vector populations and disease transmission) and employ sustainable approaches compatible with local health systems. It should also allow effective planning and decision-making to take place at the lowest possible administrative levels.