Addressing the rising threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) requires a holistic and multisectoral approach – referred to as One Health – because antimicrobials used to treat various infectious diseases in animals may be the same or similar to those used for humans. Resistant bacteria arising in humans, animals or the environment may spread from one to the other, and from one country to another. AMR does not recognize geographic or human–animal borders.
WHO, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) speak with one voice and take collective action to minimize the emergence and spread of AMR. Their aim is to:
- ensure that antimicrobial agents continue to be effective and useful for curing diseases in humans and animals;
- promote prudent and responsible use of antimicrobial agents; and
- ensure global access to medicines of good quality.