Reducing salt consumption
There is increasing evidence that dietary salt intake is a major cause of raised blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases, and that a reduction in salt intake to the recommended level of less than 5 g/day for adults would have a significant public health impact. Current daily salt consumption in most European countries is estimated or measured to be 7–18 g/day, with no Member States meeting recommended levels.
Salt reduction is thus a priority policy action and considered one of the most cost-effective approaches to prevent noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Action is typically built around 3 core pillars: product reformulation; consumer awareness and education including clear and comprehensive labelling; and monitoring of salt consumption in the population.