Floods in the Republic of Moldova
After drought in 2007 and floods in 2008, the Republic of Moldova faces significant floods along its two main rivers, the Prut and Dniester, in 2010. Starting during the second half of June 2010, heavy rainfalls in the northern region, as well as in the Carpathian mountains in Romania and Ukraine, where these rivers have their sources, led to severe flooding in many parts of the Republic of Moldova. The floods caused the displacement of population, destruction of transport, social infrastructure and housing, and loss of crops and livestock.
As of the end of week 28, the floods have affected 85 communities in 16 districts. Around 3000 people have been evacuated, including 140 children; 566 houses were completely flooded and an additional 900 are at risk. Casualties have been reported: two deaths and one missing person. Estimating economic losses is difficult, since many localities are still at risk, including Giurgiuleşti, the port on the Danube. As of 9 July, about 3322 ha of agricultural land were affected, along with 17 bridges, 200 wells, 182 km of roads and 7 dams. Schools and government buildings were destroyed. One village was fully submerged and the authorities are considering its relocation.
The Government of the Republic of Moldova has initiated a number of measures to mitigate the impact of the disaster, is coordinating an effective response and has appealed for support to a number of external partners. The National Commission for Emergency Situations and regional emergency commissions have been activated. For evacuation, preventive services and delivery of urgent assistance, all available forces are involved: about 2500 people from the Civil Protection and Emergency Situations Service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the civilian population, the army, border guard service and local government, as well as foreign experts. The Government consolidates flood-related information and keeps a list of the most affected districts and villages on the Internet.
Staff of the WHO Country Office, Republic of Moldova has participated from the beginning in the coordination meetings organized by the Government and the United Nations country team in the Republic of Moldova. WHO staff also joined those of other United Nations agencies in assessing the situation in the field, and contributed to the United Nations immediate needs summary report. On 14 July, the WHO Regional Director for Europe wrote to the Minister of Health of the Republic of Moldova, expressing her sympathy and offering WHO’s continued support.
After negotiations between the Ministry of Health, WHO and the Government of Italy, Italy donated an interagency emergency health kit (IEKK) and covered its shipping expenses. The kit provides basic medicines and consumables to cover the need of 10 000 people for 3 months. It is therefore estimated to be adequate to cover all needs for basic health related supplies up to the end of the response and recovery phases of the disaster.