Data and statistics

A variety of natural and man-made disasters and emergencies has hit the WHO European Region in recent decades . Natural and technological disasters, conflict and the mounting effects of climate change have caused economic damage, injury and death.

WHO fact sheets give an overview of the hazards, possible factors of vulnerability, direct and indirect impact of different kinds of disasters, the needs they create, health statistics and responses to be made.

Health crises affecting the WHO European Region (1990–2012)

(excluding conflicts and "complex emergencies")

Type od event Number of events Deaths Total affected Economic damage(thousands  of US$)
Accidents (industrial)

148

2,847

95,636

13,123,007

Accidents (transport)

 488

 15,063

 10,229

 7,700

Drought

40

2

14,681,769

19,258,309

Earthquake

121

22,710

5,831,093

56,597.709

Epidemic

59

677

216,047

0

Extreme temperature

222

138,675

3,901,425

17,398,351

Flood

491

4,568

12,800,073

94,410,590

Insect infestation

 2

 0

 0

 0

Mass movement dry

5

334

3,219

2,600

Mass movement wet

 57

 1,835

 196,224

 1,608,089

Miscellaneous accident

 150

 3,088

 58,884

 724,000

Storm

333

1,759

8,661,972

82,841,59

Volcano

4

0

7,000

19,600

Wild fire

82

448

1,322,294

12,838,811

Total

2,202

 

192,006

 

47,785,865

298,830,295

Created on 11 February 2013 -  Data version:v12.07

Source: EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database, www.emdat.be - Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium

© 2013 CRED