Ebola outbreak in West Africa and the risk to Europe
The current outbreak of Ebola virus disease began in Guinea in December 2013. It is at present the largest Ebola outbreak ever recorded, involving multiple countries and continents. Cases have been reported in three countries with widespread and intense transmission (Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone) and five countries with initial case(s) or with localized transmission (Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Spain and the United States of America). The risk of Ebola spreading in Europe is very low. While sporadic imported cases in Europe remain possible, European countries are among the best prepared in the world to respond to viral hemorrhagic fever, which includes Ebola. As the most effective way to prevent Ebola infections in Europe is to control the outbreak in West Africa, this is where efforts should focus.