Health response to the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine
The humanitarian crisis in Ukraine has affected approximately 5 million people and led to the displacement of 1.6 million. Access to primary, secondary and emergency health-care services and medicines has been disrupted on both sides of the contact line. Of those affected, 3.8 million are currently in need of health services.
Health systems heavily disrupted
A key factor in the disruption of health services is the shelling of health facilities. Since the start of the conflict, at least 160 health facilities have been targeted on both sides of the contact line; 130 of these have still not fully resumed operations.
Lack of qualified medical staff as well as shortages in supplies and equipment limit access to health care, particularly in areas close to the contact line. Over 400 health facilities report insufficient stocks of supplies and basic medicines such as insulin and treatments for kidney failure.
Emergency health response led by WHO
Since February 2014, WHO has been leading emergency health response operations in Ukraine. To ensure that Ukraine’s most vulnerable communities receive support, WHO is working with health partners to provide:
- primary health-care services;
- ambulances; and
- other essential medical items.
Continued difficulties in accessing conflict-affected areas of eastern Ukraine, particularly in non-government controlled areas (NGCA), further hamper the ability of WHO and health partners to deliver critical health services to those most in need.
More funding needed
The awareness and support of the international community, as well as ongoing funding, are critical to responding to this health emergency. The following are areas of great concern that require immediate mobilization and action:
- low vaccination coverage;
- poor communicable diseases surveillance;
- inadequate access to medications for cancer patients; and
- lack of access to mental health and rehabilitation care.
As of August 2017, one third of the funds requested by WHO in the 2017 Ukraine Humanitarian Response Plan were still unsecured. In 2016, only 15% of the total funding requested for the health sector by WHO and other health partners was received.
WHO therefore urges the international community to mobilize and provide more health aid to address the humanitarian crisis in eastern Ukraine.
While WHO continues its response to this health emergency, it is also looking ahead by building recovery and sustainability initiatives into its activities.