Joint External Evaluation

Finland is one of the countries in the WHO European Region that has conducted a Joint External Evaluation (JEE). In 2017, representatives from the health and other sectors, together with external experts, assessed the country’s health security through a comprehensive whole-of-government approach. As a follow-up, Finland developed an action plan to enhance national public health security.

Recommended every 4–5 years

The JEE is a voluntary, collaborative, multisectoral process to comprehensively assess country capacity to prevent, detect and rapidly respond to public health risks in the framework of the International Health Regulations. JEE results inform the development of the national action plan for health security.

As of 2018, about 1 in 5 countries in the European Region has conducted a JEE.

WHO tools and support

WHO has developed tools to support countries in conducting a JEE and provides technical advice to countries during the JEE planning process.

The benefits of a JEE

The JEE helps countries identify their most critical gaps within their human and animal health systems, in order to prioritize actions to improve preparedness and response capacities. The JEE process is also an opportunity to engage with partners and donors that can be leveraged to enhance national multisectoral coordination and networking, and to raise stakeholders’ awareness on health security issues and IHR.

JEE assessment

The JEE assesses 19 technical areas that are classified according to these core elements:

  • prevention and reduction of the likelihood of outbreaks and other public health hazards;
  • detection of threats;
  • provision of a rapid and effective response that includes multisectoral, national and international coordination and communication.