Climate change: challenge to health and health systems in Europe
To address the immediate and future health consequences of climate change, WHO/Europe assists Member States in implementing the five strategic objectives of the European regional framework for action:
- Integrate health issues in measures, policies and strategies for mitigation and adaptation to climate change. This entails assessing the risks, developing national health adaptation strategies and promoting measures that benefit both human health and the climate system, such as clean energy and the promotion of cycling and walking. It also involves further research on and monitoring of the costs, benefits and effectiveness of interventions.
- Strengthen health, social and environment systems and services to improve their capacity to prevent, prepare for and cope with climate change. This requires improved warning systems, monitoring and surveillance, prevention and treatment, as well as environmental services.
- Raise awareness to encourage and facilitate healthy mitigation and adaptation policies in all sectors. This involves training, communication strategies and advocacy campaigns.
- Increase the health and environment sectors’ contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This includes action to promote efficient management of energy and resources.
- At all levels, share best practices, research, data, information, technology and tools related to climate change, environment and health. This is done through participating in scientific and policy events, and making available information and publications online.