Transport and health

Promoting healthy and sustainable transport options prevents the negative effects of current transport patterns on human health, such as those caused by air pollution and physical inactivity. Cooperation among sectors and high-level political commitment are crucial to ensure that health issues are considered when transport policies are made.

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Top story

Road traffic crashes – the greatest threat to children’s lives

In the European Region there is no greater threat to the lives of children aged 5–17 years than a road traffic crash. The likelihood of death from road traffic injuries among children in low- and middle-income countries is almost twice as high as among those in high-income countries.

Data and statistics

30% of car journeys in Europe cover distances of less than 3 km; 50% cover less than 5 km. These distances can be covered within 15–20 minutes by bicycle or 30–50 minutes by brisk walking.

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Transport, Health and Environment Pan-European Programme (THE PEP)

WHO/Europe carries out most of its transport and health activities within the Transport, Health and Environment Pan-European Programme (THE PEP).

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Guidance and tools

Health and economic assessment tool (HEAT) for cycling and walking

HEAT is an online tool to estimate the reduction in mortality resulting from regular cycling or walking

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