Promoting and supporting sustainable transport patterns
WHO/Europe’s policy for healthy transport is part of WHO overall efforts to reduce noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), which are responsible for a large part of the disease burden in the European Region. WHO/Europe’s commitments on transport and health are addressed in the declarations of ministerial conferences on environment and health, which are held every five years.
In the Parma Declaration (2010), European ministers of health and the environment recognized the burden of NCDs as one of the key environmental health challenges, and committed to act on transport and other policies to reduce this burden. The Parma Declaration also supports the implementation of commitments from the Amsterdam Declaration of the Transport Health and Environment Pan-European Programme (THE PEP), which address obesity and injuries through the promotion of safe environments and physical activity.
Transport, Health and Environment Pan-European Programme (THE PEP)
THE PEP is a unique intergovernmental body established by WHO/Europe and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). THE PEP receives policy direction from the meeting of ministers of the transport, health and environment sectors, and is driven by a steering committee.
The Amsterdam Declaration (2009), adopted by the Third High-level Meeting on Transport, Health and Environment, defines the mandate for THE PEP’s activities for 2009–2014 and identifies 4 priority goals:
- contribute to sustainable economic development and stimulate job creation through investment in environment- and health-friendly transport;
- manage sustainable mobility and promote a more efficient transport system;
- reduce emissions of transport-related greenhouse gases, air pollutants and noise; and
- promote policies and actions conducive to healthy and safe modes of transport.