Day 3 of Environment and Health Conference: Commitments to advance the agenda in Europe
After 3 days of discussions and deliberations, the Sixth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health drew to a close. Around 500 delegates and observers from European Member States, plus Canada, the Philippines and the United States, and 15 international and nongovernmental organizations attended the Conference. Over the 3 days, the participants took stock of the progress made on environment and health in the WHO European Region, as well as committing the Region to further action, culminating in the signing of the Ostrava Declaration.
Plenary session 8: Strengthening and accelerating progress: from commitments at the Sixth Ministerial Conference towards better health, environment and sustainable development
The first session of day 3 opened with Dr Lukáš Ženatý, Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic, presenting the Slezsko project, a pioneering example of cross-border collaboration on environment and health, addressing risk assessment and management, and defining priorities in the areas of air pollution, surface water pollution and food contamination.
Robert Thaler, presenting in his role as Chair of the European Environment and Health Task Force, gave an overview of the European Environment and Health Process (EHP) and the development of the Ostrava Declaration. The Declaration is the result of a long and complex consultation process, backed by long-standing intersectoral collaboration. It identifies 7 key focus areas for action:
- improved indoor and outdoor air quality;
- ensuring universal, equitable and sustainable access to safe drinking-water, sanitation and hygiene;
- minimizing the adverse effects of chemicals on human health and the environment;
- preventing and eliminating the adverse environmental and health effects, costs and inequalities related to waste management and contaminated sites;
- strengthening adaptive capacity and resilience to health risks related to climate change and supporting measures to mitigate climate change;
- supporting the efforts of European cities and regions to become healthier and more inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable;
- building the environmental sustainability of health systems.
The Ostrava Declaration is supported by two annexes: a compendium of possible actions to advance the implementation, and institutional arrangements for the EHP.
Jan Dusík, United Nations Environment Programme, then moderated a panel discussion, including interventions from the floor, which covered issues such as sustainable social entrepreneurship and the importance of civil society engagement. Sergei Kraevoy, Deputy Minister of Health of the Russian Federation, identified 3 principles to support implementation of the Declaration: 1) to create a national legislative base; 2) to ensure adequate resources; and 3) to build a strong evidence base to support action.
Plenary session 9: Closing of the Sixth Ministerial Conference: adoption and signing of the Ostrava Declaration on Environment and Health
The final session of the Conference saw Member States, organizations and networks support the Ostrava Declaration. The WHO European Healthy Cities Network and the WHO Regions for Health Network jointly expressed their full support for the Declaration, noting that tackling health inequalities and inequity through its implementation is essential to achieving sustainable development. The European Environment and Health Youth Coalition, the Netherlands, Georgia and Israel also all gave statements of support.
Shortly after noon, on Thursday, 15 June 2017, the Declaration of the Sixth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health was adopted by acclamation, and subsequently signed on behalf of the Member States by the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, and Dr Zsuzsanna Jakab, WHO Regional Director for Europe.
Dr Jakab noted that although the signatures are a symbolic gesture, they commit us to make Europe a safer and healthier place. The EHP owes its durability over the past 30 years to its adaptability under changing contexts. It has been and continues to be a learning process, and the Ostrava Declaration will open the doors to greater engagement with civil society. She expressed her thanks to Robert Thaler and the Environment and Health Task Force and Ministerial Board for driving forward the process. In conclusion, Dr Jakab recognized that we have many priorities for action, but one commitment, and all Member States need to move forward on implementation.