Gender and communicable diseases
Gender inequalities in tuberculosis (TB)
The higher incidence of TB in young and early middle-aged women in industrialized areas raises the question of whether underdetection of TB in women in poorer countries may be due to problems in accessing health care.
Gender and HIV/AIDS
Research over the past decade has revealed that gender roles and power relations directly and indirectly influence a person's risk of and vulnerability to HIV infection. Gender is also a factor in determining the level and quality of care, treatment and support that HIV-positive men and women receive.