6. How is progress towards the SDGs measured and reported on?
The SDG era will intensify the need for strengthened national and subnational systems for integrated monitoring, including of health programmes and performance. National averages alone do not allow to make sure that every segment of society is reached and no one is left behind. Therefore, progress towards the SDGs needs to be measured in a more disaggregated way to capture variations among different population groups. SDG indicators will need to be disaggregated by parametres such as income, sex, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location, or other relevant ones. The United Nations Statistical Commission (UNSC) is developing an indicator framework through an Inter-Agency Expert Group on SDG indicators.
Follow-up and review processes at all levels are voluntary and country-led, taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development. National reviews will be the bases for regional and global reviews. At the global level, the High Level Political Forum (HLPF) has a central role in overseeing follow-up and review processes, under the auspices of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
The 2030 Agenda acknowledges the potential reporting overburden and recommends that follow-up and review of the implementation of the SDGs build on existing reporting mechanisms.
WHO will actively support its Member States in reporting on the SDG health targets (see also Q11 for specific reference to the European Region). World Health Statistics 2016 focuses on the proposed health and health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and associated targets. This was an initial effort to bring together available data on SDG health and health-related indicators, in the current absence of official goal-level indicators.