8. Is there a specific Goal on health?
Yes. Goal 3 is dedicated to health and aims to “Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages”. Its 13 targets - 9 health targets and 4 targets on the means of implementation - reflect most of the health priorities of the European Region.
Some of the targets follow from the ‘unfinished MDG agenda’; others are important health priorities and objectives of Health 2020, the European policy framework for health and well-being, and are addressed in many of WHO/Europe’s committal documents. These include for example: noncommunicable diseases, mental health, risk factors, nutrition, road traffic accidents, and environmental pollution, health services, health financing and the health workforce and research.
Goal 3 - Health targets
- 3.1 Maternal mortality:
By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births
- 3.2 Neonatal and child mortality:
By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births
- 3.3 Infectious diseases:
By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases
- 3.4 Noncommunicable diseases:
By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well- being
- 3.5 Substance Abuse:
Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol
- 3.6 Road traffic:
By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents
- 3.7 Sexual and reproductive health:
By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes
- 3.8 Universal health coverage:
Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all
- 3.9 Environmental health:
By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination
Goal 3 - Means of implementation targets
- 3.a Tobacco control:
Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate
- 3.b Medicines and Vaccines:
Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all
- 3.c Health financing & Workforce:
Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States
- 3.d Emergency preparedness:
Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks
- Target 3.8 on Universal Health Coverage can be seen as an overarching one across the targets deriving from the MDGs, the new targets and the means of implementation.