Utilization of green technologies in the health care sector of Kyrgyzstan: introduction of renewable energy sources

Location

Chuy, Naryn, Osh, Jalal-Abad, Issyk-Kul, Talas and Batken oblasts

Reason for initiation

The problem of insufficient power supply was identified in various sectors of the Kyrgyz economy, including the health sector. This is related to the needs both to ensure an uninterrupted power supply to health care institutions and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The health sector can contribute to environmental protection, health promotion and cost savings through the use of renewable energy sources in health care institutions.

Strategies in place or planned

Health care is a priority sector in Kyrgyz national policies and strategies to adapt to climate change. Priority areas were approved in 2013 by Kyrgyz Government Decree No. 549.

In 2011 the Ministry of Health approved a health care sector climate change adaptation strategy, which lists the introduction of renewable energy sources and energy-saving technologies as one of its priorities.

Outcomes and next steps

Within the framework of the WHO/German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety 2010–2012 project to protect health from climate change in Kyrgyzstan, one solar collector and four solar panels were installed in five pilot health facilities. 

The One UN Programme instigated a project to ensure uninterrupted power supply to medical stations in Kyrgyzstan, in 2010–2013 installing photovoltaic power plants and seven micro-hydro power plants to capture renewable energy sources in 19 medical stations in seven regions. It also conducted seminars and mass media information campaigns on the use of renewable energy sources.

The introduction of green technologies has greatly improved the quality of medical services and allowed the use of environmentally friendly technologies to reduce environmental pollution.

Organization(s) involved

Ministry of Health 

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety, Germany

Renewable Energy Sources Department of Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University named after B. N. Yeltsin