Heat-waves: risks and responses




By Christina Koppe, Sari Kovats, Gerd Jendritzky and Bettina Menne
Health and Global Environmental Change Series, No.2
2004, 123 pages
ISBN 92 890 1094 0
This publication is only available online.

High air temperatures can affect human health and lead to additional deaths even under current climatic conditions. Heat waves occur infrequently in Europe and can significantly affect human health, as witnessed in summer 2003. This report reviews the current knowledge about the effects of heat-waves, including the physiological aspects of heat illness and epidemiological studies on excess mortality, and makes recommendations for preventive action. Measures for reducing heat-related mortality and morbidity include heat health-warning systems and appropriate urban planning and housing design.