HIV/AIDS surveillance in Europe 2017
2017, xxiv + 95 pages
ISBN 978 92 890 5284 9
This report presents data on HIV and AIDS in 51 of 53 countries in the WHO European Region, and in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA).
Although HIV is preventable through effective public health measures, significant HIV transmission continues in Europe, in particular in the eastern part of the Region. In 2016, more than 160 000 people were diagnosed with HIV, the highest number of people ever newly diagnosed in one year. Of these, 80% were diagnosed in the eastern part of the Region and 18% in the EU/EEA.
The main transmission mode varied by geographical area, illustrating the diversity in the epidemiology of HIV in Europe. Sexual transmission between men was the most common mode in the EU/EEA and transmission through heterosexual contact and injecting drug use were the main reported transmission modes in the eastern part of the Region. Other findings indicate that too many people throughout the European Region are diagnosed late, increasing the risk of ill health, death and onward HIV transmission.